Pond Keeper Monthly Vol 1

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Pond Keeper Monthly Vol 1

Post by cray862.. » Tue, 19 Nov 1996 04:00:00



Pondkeeper Monthly Vol1

In the UK this is the time of year to clear out the fallen leaves and
remove decaying vegetation from Garden ponds.It is also time to review
measures to protect pond fish from ice build up on the surface of the
pond.Fish , when the tempreature goes below 10 degrees centigrade become
lethargic and settle towards the warmer lower levels of the pond.The fish
if left undisturbed and unfed will hibernate the winter away.However they
still need oxygen and gases from rotting vegetation or carbon dioxide
build up under ice and can kill them.Throughout the winter they will
weaken as they use the body reserves that were built up over the summer
months.At he end of the winter the fish will be vulnarable to disease.
Try to place some clean safe containers weighted into the pond for the
fish to swim into and hibernate eg an old plastic bucket weighted with an
inert rock.Because vegetation is scarce any brightly coloured fish that
does venture too close to the surface may become the prey of a household
cat or other predator.The sunken refuge also then serves another purpose ,
that of protection.
Many pondkeepers take their pump out of the pond and replace it with a
purpose made pond heater.This unit only consumes about 40 watts and keeps
a hole open in the ice.As ice should not be broken on top of a
pond.Pouring hot water over ice is only a temporary solution to the
problem .Leaving a waterfall working over winter is a debatable thing , in
a msall pond the waterfall will disturb the layers of diffeent tempreature
water but in a large pond , parts of it will be undisturbed.The warm water
at about three degrees centigrade sits at the bottom of the pond in winter
and this is where the fish will be found.As long as the pond is deep
enough so that ice does not form too far down they usually survive.

Later on in the year.

It is also a good time between rain storms to consider the layout or
design of a new pond or feature.When the weather improoves in the spring
the fish will be ready to spawn and the frogs and toads will be making
their way to the pond as early as late feb and certainly March .so work
must be completed before this time.any new pond must be allowed to mature
for the right balance of nutrients and bacteria to form.Plants will start
of slow at the beginning of the year and so need to be planned or pruned
in preparation for the rapid growth expected in spring and summer.

 
 
 

Pond Keeper Monthly Vol 1

Post by cray862.. » Tue, 19 Nov 1996 04:00:00


Pondkeeper Monthly Vol1

In the UK this is the time of year to clear out the fallen leaves and
remove decaying vegetation from garden ponds.It is also time to review
measures to protect pond fish from ice build up on the surface of the
pond.Fish , when the tempreature goes below 10 degrees centigrade become
lethargic and settle towards the warmer lower levels of the pond.The fish
if left undisturbed and unfed will hibernate the winter away.However they
still need oxygen and gases from rotting vegetation or carbon dioxide
build up under ice and can kill them.Throughout the winter they will
weaken as they use the body reserves that were built up over the summer
months.At he end of the winter the fish will be vulnarable to disease.
Try to place some clean safe containers weighted into the pond for the
fish to swim into and hibernate eg an old plastic bucket weighted with an
inert rock.Because vegetation is scarce any brightly coloured fish that
does venture too close to the surface may become the prey of a household
cat or other predator.The sunken refuge also then serves another purpose ,
that of protection.
Many pondkeepers take their pump out of the pond and replace it with a
purpose made pond heater.This unit only consumes about 40 watts and keeps
a hole open in the ice.As ice should not be broken on top of a
pond.Pouring hot water over ice is only a temporary solution to the
problem .Leaving a waterfall working over winter is a debatable thing , in
a msall pond the waterfall will disturb the layers of diffeent tempreature
water but in a large pond , parts of it will be undisturbed.The warm water
at about three degrees centigrade sits at the bottom of the pond in winter
and this is where the fish will be found.As long as the pond is deep
enough so that ice does not form too far down they usually survive.

Later on in the year.

It is also a good time between rain storms to consider the layout or
design of a new pond or feature.When the weather improoves in the spring
the fish will be ready to spawn and the frogs and toads will be making
their way to the pond as early as late feb and certainly March .so work
must be completed before this time.any new pond must be allowed to mature
for the right balance of nutrients and bacteria to form.Plants will start
of slow at the beginning of the year and so need to be planned or pruned
in preparation for the rapid growth expected in spring and summer.